Discover the list of 10 Smallest Countries in the World – with beautiful beaches, breathtaking landscape and full of fun and adventure for any traveler.
Discover 10 Smallest Countries In The World:
There are 195 countries in the world today. However, there are some countries in the world that are so small in size that you hardly imagine that a country of this scale is even possible?
We list 10 of them – the smallest countries in the world by total land area.
But don’t get carried away with their land area size – they offer some of the best beaches, landscape, and the perfect getaway for adventurous travelers, even some of them offer Citizenship, permanent resident and an even chance of becoming a member of their Royal family.
So what you are waiting for? Discover these 10 smallest countries and plan your next travel trips to one of these microstates.
Malta is a small country consisting of numerous scattered islands in the central Mediterranean between Sicily and the North African coast.
Known for its historic sites related to a succession of rulers including the Romans, Arab Moors, Knights of Saint John, French and British.
Over the centuries, Malta’s strategic position fostered its development as an important trading post and it remains a leading center for container and freight transshipment.
Malta is a popular holiday destination and tourism is the nation’s main source of income.
Rich in history and archeological sites, Malta has numerous fortresses, megalithic temples and the Hal Saflieni Hypogeum, a subterranean complex of halls and burial chambers dating to circa 4000 B.C.
The Maldives is a tropical nation in the Indian Ocean composed of 26 ring-shaped atolls, which are made up of more than 1,000 coral islands. It’s known for its beaches, blue lagoons, and extensive reefs.
With its abundant sea life and sandy beaches, The Maldives is portrayed by travel companies as a tropical paradise.
The economy revolves around tourism, and scores of islands have been developed for the top end of the tourist market.
The capital, Malé, has a busy fish market, restaurants and shops on the main road, Majeedhee Magu, and 17th-century Hukuru Miskiy (also known as Friday Mosque) made of carved white coral.
8. Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Kitts and Nevis is a dual-island nation situated between the Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea.
It’s known for Its beaches, scenery and a warm, sunny climate is a great tourist attraction. However, in recent times It is also vulnerable to hurricanes such as recently been hit by Hurricanes Irma and Maria in 2017.
The larger of the 2 islands, Saint Kitts, is dominated by the dormant Mount Liamuiga volcano, home to a crater lake, green vervet monkeys and rainforest crisscrossed with hiking trails.
Tourism, offshore finance and service industries are important sources of income – more so since a centuries-old but loss-making sugar industry was wound down in 2005 with the loss of hundreds of jobs.
7. Marshall Islands
The Marshall Islands are a sprawling chain of volcanic islands in the central Pacific Ocean, between Hawaii and the Philippines.
With a population of 55,000 and area size of 181 square kilometers, the Marshall Islands consist of two chains of coral atolls, together with more than 1,000 islets, just north of the Equator.
The islands were occupied by the US for several decades after the World War II. They are now a sovereign nation under a Compact of Free Association with the US which came into force in 1986 and was renegotiated in 2003.
The US controls the security and defense of the islands and provides millions of dollars in aid every year.
Unfortunately, series of Atomic bomb tests conducted by the United States in 1946 on (Bikini Atoll), rendered several islands inhabitable. Currently, climate change threatens the very existence of the islands as many atolls lie barely a meter above sea level and are at risk being engulfed by rising waters.
The Principality of Liechtenstein is a 25-Km long, landlocked country tucked away between Switzerland and Austria and with mountain slopes rising above the Rhine valley.
With a population of 37,666 (2016) – Liechtenstein is known for its medieval castles, alpine landscapes, and villages linked by a network of trails.
The capital, Vaduz, a cultural and financial center of Liechtenstein, is home to Kunstmuseum Liechtenstein, with galleries of modern and contemporary art. The Postal Museum displays Liechtenstein’s postage stamps.
Liechtenstein owes much of its wealth to its traditional status as a tax haven, though it has in recent years taken steps to shake off its image as a tax haven and to reposition itself as a legitimate financial center.
5. San Marino
The Republic of San Marino is one of the smallest countries in the world and is completely surrounded by Italy. San Marino is also considered to be the world’s oldest surviving republic and retains much of its historic architecture.
With the area size of 61 square kilometers, tourism dominates the economy of San Marino and received more than three million visitors every year. Along with Tourism, sales from the Postage stamps and coins – keenly sought by collectors – are important sources of revenue.
Mount Titano, part of the Apennine range, dominates San Marino’s landscape. Three defensive fortresses perch on Titano’s slopes, looking out to the Adriatic coast provides a breathtaking view.
Tuvalu is an independent island nation located in the South Pacific ocean. Tuvalu won Independence from the UK in 1978. Its 9 islands comprise small, thinly populated atolls and reef islands with palm-fringed beaches and WWII sites.
With a population of 11,097 inhabitants and total land area of 26 square kilometers (10 sq mi) – Tuvalu was first sighted by Europeans explores in 1568.
Life on the islands is simple and often harsh. There are no streams or rivers, so the collection of rain is essential.
Coconut palms cover most of the islands, and copra – dried coconut kernel – is practically the only export commodity. But despite financial difficulties, this small nation has shown ingenuity by exploiting another source of income. It has sold its internet suffix – .tv – to a Californian company for several million dollars a year in continuing revenue. The company sells the suffix on to television broadcasters.
Tuvalu has no political parties. Allegiances revolve around personalities and geography. The 15-member parliament is popularly elected every four years. The prime minister is chosen by MPs.
Nauru is a tiny island country in Micronesia in the Central Pacific. With a registered population of around 10,000 residents in a 21-square-kilometre (8.1 sq mi) area, Nauru is the smallest state in the South Pacific and third smallest country by area in the world, behind only Vatican City and Monaco.
Nauru is a phosphate rock island with rich deposits near the surface – during the late 1960s and 1970s – Nauru boasted the highest per-capita income enjoyed by any sovereign state in the world. However, when the phosphate reserves were exhausted in the late 1980s, to support its economy, Nauru briefly became a tax haven and illegal money laundering center in the Pacific.
Today, Nauru is heavily depended on the financial grant received from Australian government – and many sources have identified Nauru as a client state (economically, politically, or militarily dependent) of Australia.
Nauru may not contain many tourist attractions on its surface, but the island does hold a few unusual landmarks – Buada Lagoon is one of the few places on the island where trees grow freely.
Nauru’s highest point, with an elevation of 65 meters – Command Ridge, may not look like an impressive mountain peak, but its summit is among the few in the world where climbers can admire the 360-degree view of an entire country.
Monaco is a sovereign city-state, country, and microstate located on the French Riviera in Western Europe.
Bordering France on the three sides whereas the southern side borders the Mediterranean sea. With a total area of 2.02 km2 (0.78 sq mi) and a population of about 38,400, Monaco is the second-smallest and most densely populated sovereign state in the world.
Monaco is also known as a playground for the rich and famous, due to its tax laws. In 2014, it was noted about 30% of the population was made up of millionaires, more than in Zürich or Geneva or any other place in Europe. Monaco is the tax haven on earth – with no state income tax, low business taxes, and no wealth tax.
Although Monaco is not formally a part of the European Union (EU), it does participate in certain EU policies, including customs and border controls. Through its relationship with France, Monaco uses the Euro as its sole currency.
Monaco is also famous globally because of its hosting of the annual street circuit motor race Monaco Grand Prix, one of the original Grands Prix of Formula One and the most glamorized sporting event in the world.
1. Vatican City
With an area of approximately 110 acres and a population of 800 – the Vatican City State is the smallest country in the world – both in terms of size and population.
Home of the Catholic Church – It is also home to the biggest church in the world – St. Peter’s Basilica, and holds some of the most significant artworks of the Renaissance such as Bramante, Michelangelo, Giacomo Della Porta, Maderno, and Bernini.
As an independent sovereign entity, the State of Vatican City enclave in Rome as sovereign territory, and it maintains diplomatic relations with other states.
The government of Vatican City State is under the jurisdiction of Holy See – with Pope being the Head of the State – and Cardinal Secretary of State as its chief administrator.
The Economy of Vatican City State is supported through the Vatican Museums and post office and is supported financially by the sale of stamps, coins, medals and tourist mementos; by fees for admission to museums; and by publications sales.