Roman Britain Historical remains in Britain: The remains of the Roman occupation of Britain that survive represent only a fragment of the civilization the Romans imported.
The most universal and unmistakable evidence of their existence left by the Romans is their Villas and the road system. Roman Villas, ranging from enormous village-like settlements to simple farmhouses of five or six rooms, are most common in the southeast, the Cotswolds and Hamshire region of Britain.
Only a few of the more than 500 known Roman villas in Britain have been properly excavated. The largest and most splendid of these villas was recently discovered at Fishbourne near Chichester. Built in first century AD and contained not only elaborate decoration but numerous Roman formal gardens.
The following are the Top 10 Roman remains in Britain:
10. Hadrian’s Wall
The vast complex of Hadrian’s Wall is the largest Roman site in Britain. Numerous roads and many Roman forts were built along the entire stretch of Hadrians Wall.
Emperor Hadrian was well known for building monuments across the Roman Empire, a territory that had reached its widest extent when his reign began in A.D. 117.
9. The Foose Way Roman Road
The Foose Way road is typically Roman in its straightness. Roman road-builders always took the shortest route between two places, the Foose way road is one good example.
With a total length of 370.1 Km, the Foose way road was built after the first phase of conquest, near Hinckley, a town in Leicestershire and was one of the earliest and straightest of all the roads constructed by the Romans in Britain.
8. The Great Bath at Aquae Sulis
The Great Bath at Aquae Sulis is one of three plunge baths created in the 1st century AD by Romans.
Filled by a natural hot spring with waters temperature maintained at 48-degree Celcius, these Roman baths were an elegant and sophisticated spa with numerous luxurious villas in the surrounding country, which were visited not only by Britons but also by many foreigners at the Roman times.
7. Elegant Mirror
This fine piece of Roman silverwork was once the property of a rich citizen of Viroconium now Wroxeter.
This elegant mirror is 29cm in diameter, and its skilful workmanship perhaps indicates that it was made in Italy. The handle of the mirror consists of two thick strands of interlocking silver wire, each of which bears two floral roundels. The mirror is now housed in the Shrewsbury Museum.
6. Roman Fort of Corstopitum (Coria)
The Roman Forst of Corstopitum, standing near Corbridge on the north bank of the River Tyne is dated back to 4th-century. At the time of Roman, the fort and its surrounding towns are an important supply base and a wealthy civilian settlement.
The fort main buildings consist of two large granaries, a general storehouse in a courtyard, several temples and a fountain fed by an aqueduct.
5. Gloucester – Roman City Plan
The map of the Roman city of Gloucester, in late Saxon times, reflects Roman planning in defending and protecting their city from external threats. Gloucester was established around AD 48 at an important crossing of the River Severn and near to the Fosse Way.
Initially, a Roman fort was established at Kingsholm. Twenty years later, a larger replacement fortress was built on slightly higher ground nearby, centred on Gloucester Cross, and a civilian settlement grew around it.
4. Roman Kitchen
A Roman Kitchen, reconstructed in the Museum of London, depicts how sophisticated Roman kitchen, equipment, and utensils were at that time.
The kitchen is fully equipped with Roman utensils found at different sites. In the Roman times, food was cooked in copper pans over charcoal (stored in the arch below) on a stone hearth.
3. Roman Mithraeum
The Roman Mithraeum or temple to Mithras, the favourite god of the Roman legionaries (heavy infantryman of the Roman army) is in the fort of Carrawbugh on Hadrian’s Wall.
At the head of a nave flanked by benches for the worshippers, stood three altars, on one of which Mithras is carved with a halo.
2. Blackstone Edge Roman Road
At Blackstone Edge above Littleborough in Lancashire, there is a long stretch of paved Roman road almost 5m wide. It has a shallow trough built of shaped stone that runs down its centre (most probably used for drainage or filled with turf to provide horses with a secure footing as toiled uphill).
The Roads of this quality were not seen again in Britain until the 18th century. They were built not for stimulating trade, but for the fast movement of troops and for administrative uses.
1. Roman Port Dover and Pharos (Lighthouses)
The Roman port Dover and Pharos (lighthouses) located at present-day Dover, Kent, England was the closest point to continental Europe.
In the times of Roman, Dover port was fortified and garrisoned initially by the Roman naval fleet, and later by troops based in a Saxon Shore Fort. Two lighthouses, each called the Pharos, were built soon after the conquest and were sited on the two heights (Eastern Heights and Western Heights).
The one on the Eastern Heights still stands and is 24 meters high close to its original height and has been adapted for use as the bell tower of the adjacent castle church of St Mary de Castro.