Are you searching for a host of legendary creatures, animals, and mythic humanoids occur in ancient Greek and Roman mythology? This article will not just tell you about the 10 mythical creatures and their powers but will also tell you about the mythical creature’s history from the forgotten past.
10 Mythical Creatures in Greek and Roman Mythology
From ancient legends of mysterious mythical creatures to modern mysteries surrounding them, we List the 10 legendary mythical creatures from mythology, folklore and fairy tales.
Sirens were the man-eating beautiful women whose physical beauty, song, enchanting music, and seductive voices compel men to them.
They sat on the shore and sang with voices so seductive and compelling that anyone who heard their song became absolutely mesmerized by them and become obsessed with reaching the shore to get closer to them.
Similar to modern day stories of Vampires, Sirens uses its seductive abilities to lured nearby sailors to shipwreck on the rocky coast of their island and then would eat them.
The Griffin is a legendary Greek mythology creature with the body of a lion, the tail of a snake, and the head and wings of an eagle (also eagle’s talons as its front feet).
Griffin’s represented both wisdom and power and was commonly associated with strength in war, thus being an obvious choice for many coats of arms from ancient Europe to medieval armies of India and the Middle East.
They represented wisdom in the form of knowledge, strength in the body of a lion, respect, status, in the form of an eagle, and mystery through the tail of a snake.
Chimera was a part-lion, part-goat, part-snake mysterious mythical monster.
The Chimera, in Greek mythology, is a monstrous fire-breathing creature with the body and head of a lion with a snake for a tail and a fire-breathing goat head coming from its back.
Merely seeing in the ancient times as bad omen; they regularly appeared before disasters such as shipwrecks, violent storms, earthquake, and volcanic eruptions.
In Greek mythology, Cerberus is the three-headed dog that guards the gates of Hades – Underworld to prevent the dead from leaving.
Cerberus is depicted as a dog with three ferocious heads and the tail of a snake. His sole task as the guardian to the gates of Hades (the Underworld), where only the dead may enter the Underworld, and none may leave.
Due to his unmatched dedication, Cerberus was eventually released by Hades and was able to join in a more human immortal form, thereafter being known by the name Naberius.
6. The Cyclops (Polyphemus)
In Greek and Roman mythology, Cyclops was a wild race of lawless monsters who possess neither social manners nor fear of the God.
They were a man-eating monster with a bloody and barbaric nature. In Greek mythology, there is more than one Cyclops, but Polyphemus sees more action than most. Polyphemus, was among the first who has acquired a taste for raw human flesh over the years.
Hydra (also called Lernaean Hydra) is the nine-headed serpent who grew two new heads for every one that was cut off.
If any of the nine-heads were cut off they would grow back and some of the heads can breathe fire.
The teeth from a Hydra are meant to have magical properties and it is said that a Hydras teeth can raise skeletons from beyond the grave.
Heracles’s, with the help of his nephew Iolaus, killed the Hydra, by burning the neck after cutting off each head.
The Gorgons, are the snake-haired and snake-bodied humanoid monster that was created in its mother’s image. Its stare could turn a person to stone.
Medusa, one of the Gorgons sister became one of these creatures in a later myth. She has a winged human female with living venomous snakes in place of hair. Gazers upon her hideous face would turn to stone.
Perseus (Son of Zeus) was able to kill her by cutting off her head.
Centaur was a half-men, half-horse creatures that ran wild and unruly. His head, arms, and torso were human and joined at the waist to the body and legs of a horse.
They generally liked to run around the countryside getting drunk and being profane, except Chiron.
Chiron was the exact opposite of all the other Centaurs, as he was smart, well-spoken, skilled in art and music, and on top of it all, he was kind and friendly to all Humans.
In fact, People liked Chiron so much that the higher class citizens, had him tutor their children. However, the rest of his kind were loud, obnoxious, and often drunk.
Pegasus is the Bellerophon’s winged horse and is one of the best-known creatures in Greek mythology.
He is a winged divine stallion usually depicted as pure white in color. He was sired by Poseidon, in his role as horse-god, and foaled by the Gorgon Medusa.
His father was Poseidon and his mother was the Gorgon Medusa; he was born along with his brother Chrysaor when Medusa was decapitated by Perseus.
According to legend, Pegasus was born from the blood that spurted from Medusa’s neck when the hero Perseus killed her.
Pegasus was captured and tamed by the Greek hero Bellerophon and helped him in his fights against the Chimera and the Amazons.
Famously described by Roman poet Ovid, a being “Part Man and Part Bull”.
Minotaur was the monster creature with the head and legs of a bull and the torso of a man.
He was the offspring of Pasiphae, the wife of Minos, and a snow-white bull sent to Minos by the god Poseidon for sacrifice.
Minos, instead of sacrificing it, kept it alive; Poseidon as a punishment made Pasiphae fall in love with it.
Her child by the bull was shut up in the Labyrinth created for Minos by Daedalus. Only the very few people were able to ever escaped from the Labyrinth (a vast maze located on the Greek Island of Crete).
One of them was Theseus, who eventually killed the Minotaur.