List of 10 Most Colorful Lakes: Compared the majesty of oceans and mountains, it’s easy to overlook the beauty of lakes, but when you see a bright red, pink or yellow-green river or a lake that glows a vivid green color, you probably think it belongs on another planet. But these incredibly striking rivers are right here on our planet – Earth.
The following are the 10 most colorful lakes in the world:
10. Grand Prismatic Spring, United States
The Grand Prismatic Spring in Yellowstone National Park is the largest hot spring in the United States, and the third largest in the world, after Frying Pan Lake in New Zealand and Boiling Lake in Dominica. It is located in the Midway Geyser Basin.
The vivid colors in the spring are the result of microbial mats around the edges of the mineral-rich water. The mats produce colors ranging from green to red; In the summer, the mats tend to be orange and red, whereas in the winter the mats are usually dark green.
The deep blue color of the water in the center of the pool results from the scattering of blue light by particles suspended in the water. This effect is particularly visible in the center of the spring due to the lack of archaea micro-organisms that live in the center and to the depth of the water.
9. Grüner See, Austria
Grüner See is a lake in Styria, Austria in a village named Tragoess. The lake is surrounded by the Hochschwab Mountains and forests. The name “Green Lake” originated because of its emerald-green water.
The lake gets its distinctive green coloring, and the name, from the grass and foliage beneath, and thanks to the fresh snowmelt, the ice-cold water is crystal clear.
8. Lake Natron, Tanzania
Lake Natron is a mineral-rich soda lake in northern Tanzania, at the border with Kenya. It’s a breeding ground for hundreds of thousands of lesser flamingos, despite the highly alkaline state of the striking red waters.
The alkali salt crust on the surface of the lake is also often colored red or pink by the salt-loving microorganisms that live there – thus producing the red color of the lake.
7. Plitvice, Croatia
Plitviče Lakes National Park is a 295-sq.-km forest reserve in central Croatia. It’s known for a chain of 16 terraced lakes, joined by waterfalls, that extend into a limestone canyon.
The Plitviče Lakes are renowned for their distinctive colors, ranging from azure to green, grey or blue. The colors change constantly depending on the number of minerals or organisms in the water and the angle of sunlight.
Walkways and hiking trails wind around and across the water, and an electric boat links the 12 upper and 4 lower lakes. The latter is the site of Veliki Slap, a 78m-high waterfall.
6. Lake Retba, Senegal
Lake Retba or Lac Rose lies north of the Cap Vert peninsula of Senegal, some 30 km north-east of the capital, Dakar in northwest Africa.
This beautiful pink color of the lake is due to its high salt content, the water has the perfect living conditions for a certain kind of microalgae called Dunaliella salina. The presence of these organisms is what gives the lake its pink hue.
5. Kelimutu, Indonesia
The three crater lakes of Kelimutu volcano are on the same peak, but they’re distinctly different colors. They are located on the same volcanic peak yet each of the three crater lakes atop Kelimutu is a markedly different color.
Locals believe that they are colored by spirits and the lakes change color according to the mood of the spirit.
Although no extensive scientific survey has ever been undertaken below the surface of the lakes it is assumed that the color deviations are due to underwater fumaroles. These are openings in the earth’s surface which let out gas and steam – sulfur dioxide, hydrogen chloride and sulfide as well as carbon dioxide.
This creates an upwelling (an oceanographic term) which drives denser nutrient-rich (and so colored) water upwards to the surface, driving that which had been on top downwards, so changing its appearance.
4. Laguna Colorada, Bolivia
Laguna Colorada is a shallow salt lake in the southwest of the altiplano of Bolivia, within Eduardo Avaroa Andean Fauna National Reserve and close to the border with Chile.
The lake contains borax islands, whose white color contrasts with the reddish color of its waters, which is caused by red sediments and pigmentation of some algae.
However, the color of this salt lake varies with the seasons, from tempting turquoise to a rather dingy jade. Mineral deposits – including arsenic – create the changeable hues.
3. Okama, Japan
Though the most famous attraction of Zao is soft rime in winters, Okama takes the place of the most popular site during spring to autumn in Japan.
Okama is a circular crater lake surrounded by the three mountains of the Zao Mountain Range, i.e. Kattadake, Kumanodake, and Goshikidake.
Also known as “Yoshihiko” or (lake of five colors) – since its surface of emerald green changes its color according to the sunlight. No creatures can inhabit this lake due to its highly acidic lake water.
2. Wai-O-Tapu, New Zealand
The Wai-O-Tapu Wonderland in New Zealand is home to a number of roiling, bubbling geothermal sights, but possibly the most intriguing are the Wai-O-Tapu Lake – located 27 kilometers south of Rotorua.
Known as the Devil’s Bath, this neon green pool of stagnant stink water is a natural wonder. The lake gets its bright green water-colors from deposits of sulfur that rise to the surface and float on top.
The green identifies that active mineral while other hues found across the park such as blues, reds, and otherwise signify other volcanic elements.
1. Hillier Lake, Australia
On the largest island in Western Australia’s Recherche Archipelago sits a picture of the surreal – Lake Hillier. The lake is about 600 meters long and is surrounded by a rim of sand and a dense woodland of paperbark and eucalyptus trees.
A bright pink color of the lake has entranced both tourists and scientists for years, with some speculating that Lake Hillier’s color, is the result of high salinity combined with the presence of a salt-loving algae species known as Dunaliella salina and pink bacteria known as halobacteria and the recent research confirmed this possibility.