The following is a list of 10 amazing animals that look like moss and leaves, and are virtually undetectable in the forest, thanks to the mother nature gifted unbelievable natural camouflage:
10. Long-horned Grasshopper
Long-horned grasshopper or bushcricket (Katydid), are large insects that range from about 1 to more than 6 cm in body length. They camouflage so accurately that they even mimic a leaf’s blemishes.
9. Satanic Leaf-tailed Gecko
The satanic leaf-tailed gecko is a species of gecko indigenous to the island of Madagascar. Its adult size is 2.6 to 6 inches in total length (including the tail), and are fully capable of mimicking a decaying leaf. During daylight hours, this mimicking helps the gecko to blend into its surroundings and at night it helps the gecko to hunt for prey.
8. Indian Oakleaf (Dead Leaf)
Indian oakleaf or dead leaf is found in Tropical Asia from India to Japan. With wings closed, it closely resembles a dry leaf with dark veins, and when the wings are open, the forewing exhibits a black apex, an orange discal band, and a deep blue base.
When in danger the Indian oakleaf flies erratically, dropping down into the foliage and occupy a stationary pose on leaves with wings closed, thus protecting itself from its natural enemies that include birds, ants, spiders, and wasps.
7. Moss Mimic Stick Insect
This walking stick look-alike insect is a true-leaf insect that can camouflage itself from its surroundings by mimicking the forms and colors of the surrounded mossy trees and foliage, giving it just the right texture to be almost invisible to the naked eye.
Found in the deep cloud forests of Costa Rica and Nicaragua, its mossy appearance is emulated with varying patches of thin, waxy, water-resistant outer layer that splay out from its exterior, with leaf-like legs growing out of it.
6. Dead-leaf Grasshopper
The Dead-leaf grasshopper is native to Malaysia with brown color wings that look very similar with the dead leaf. They lack hearing organs, and do not fly but only flutter their wings during leaps.
5. Malayan Horned Frog
The Malayan horned-frog is also known as the long-nosed horned frog, is a species of frog restricted to the rainforest areas of Thailand, Malaysia, and Singapore. These species of frog are large ranging from 100–120 mm in body length. They have light to dark brown color on the dorsal surface with varying patterns helping them to camouflage accurately with the forest floor.
4. Vietnamese Mossy Frog
The Vietnamese mossy frog is a species of frog that is found in northern Vietnam bordering areas of China and Laos. Its skin is a mottled green and brown that resembles moss growing on rock and forms an effective form of camouflage.
They can reach sizes of 8–9 cm and when frightened they play dead and blend themselves into its natural habitats that include evergreen rainforests.
3. Orache Moth
The Orache Moth is a species of moth that is found in all of Europe, Pacific Ocean and Japan. The oracle moth body and wings are covered in green spots that make it incredibly adept at mimicking moss.
2. Chinese Zhao Stick Insect
The Chinese Zhao stick insect is the new species of stick insects recently discovered in China in 2014. It has been declared as the longest stick insect in the world and can grow up to 62.4 centimeters in body length beating the previous record holder. Dubbed by its genus Phryganistria Chinensis Zhao – the Zhao stick insects are pale brown-grey in color.
1. Leaf Insects (Phylliidae)
The family Phylliidae contains the true leaf or (walking leaves) insects, which include some of the most remarkably camouflaged leaf mimics in the entire animal kingdom. They camouflaged by taking on the appearance of leaves and they do this so accurately that predators (birds, ants, frogs, and spiders) often are not able to distinguish them from real leaves. They occur from South Asia through Southeast Asia to Australia.